Seismically observable top features of mature flat-cover convection toward the base of the lithosphere: Certain scaling matchmaking

Seismically observable top features of mature flat-cover convection toward the base of the lithosphere: Certain scaling matchmaking

Small-scale convection transfers heat from the asthenosphere into the base of the lithosphere. Scaling constraints are obtained on features associated with such convection that may be resolved by seismic studiespact notation arises by simply representing rheology: viscosity changes by a factor of e with a temperature increase of T? and the minimum viscosity in the asthenosphere is ?0. The geothermal gradient in the lithosphere and the conductive heat flow are constrained by xenolith, seismic, and heat flow studies. Geoid studies constrain the viscosity ?UM in the deep asthenosphere to ?10 20 Pa s. Seismic studies have resolved cool downwellings at the edge of the Colorado Plateau. The total anomaly of these downwellings (temperature contrast times width) depends on the square root of the ambient viscosity at depth. Read more